Review article

Mechanism of the regular urban environment formation (on the example of Saint-Petersburg ensembles in the first third of the XIX century)








The article discusses the determinants of the urban environment formation of Saint-Petersburg, which is considered a «deliberate», «planned» city and a unique model that allows identifying the driving forces and results of urban planning processes more distinctly than any other types of urban settlements.The author focuses on revealing the ratio of target compositional and aesthetic goals and resources (territorial and financial), which were involved in solving the task. The author points out an increasing importance of pragmatic considerations, which resulted in the transition to a new model of urbanization processes, from the initial development of the territory to reconstruction and growth of urban development density. Of particular interest are the circumstances of the first third of the XIX century, that contributed to the formation of outstanding architectural and urban planning ensembles.


Molotkova E. G. Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering St. Petersburg, Russia